Many types of lasers are used in surgical applications, and the most common are: 

          •  Erbium (Er:YAG) lasers 

          •  Neodymium (Nd:YAG) lasers 

          •  Holmium (Ho:YAG) lasers 

          •  Thulium (Tm:YAG) lasers 

          •  Excimer lasers 

          •  Diode lasers 

So why is it difficult for coaters?

This, while being revolutionary to the field, comes as a great challenge to laser optics manufacturers due to fundamental issues like thick and spotty coatings, water absorption, etc. But don’t fear – OPTOMAN, by mastering the Ion-Beam Sputtering technology, post- and pre-coating processes, with extensive R&D learning how to handle different substrates (especially working with lasers that emit Mid-IR wavelengths), has filled their portfolio to the brim, with laser optics manufacturing experience for each of the aforementioned lasers. Surgical laser manufacturers face several problems: 



The driver of laser damage must be minimized to ensure minimal loss and high LIDT.


Laser-Induced Damage Threshold

Must be high to work with high energy pulses.


Deposition length

Mid-IR optics require long deposition processes due to their thickness, leading to higher costs of the final product.


Difficulty of effective pumping and emission separation

The effectiveness stands solely on the performance of laser optics. And OPTOMAN is ready to optimize it to your specific laser requirements, ensuring the best possible outcome. 


But like always, OPTOMAN managed. And after extensive R&D projects to solve the mentioned problems, OPTOMAN is proud to say that our IBS-coated laser optics feature: 

Low absorption

At some wavelengths and configurations, OPTOMAN managed to minimize the absorption to below <1 ppm. 


OPTOMAN thrives on achieving high LIDT and has reached values such as >168 J/cm2 @ 1064 nm, 9.8 ns 100 Hz, 223 µm.

Long lifetime

At some wavelengths, over 10000h of a lifetime before first downtime. At certain wavelengths, OPTOMAN also eliminated the color-change effect, without influencing the catastrophic mode of laser damage. 

Thinner coatings

Our R&D team developed the capability of making relatively thin coatings for the Mid-IR thus significantly reducing coating time, which allows for cost-efficient and even more budget-friendly solutions. 

Another important thing to mention is that water has absorption lines at 2 and 3 µm. Unfortunately, water vapor is prone to entering unwanted places, such as the pores in the coating, which in general leads to absorption induced losses. However, bulk-like density of coatings made with Ion-Beam Sputtering technology eliminates this problem, because there are no pores in the coating for the vapor to go in. This further proves that IBS is superior to other sputtering technologies. 


OPTOMAN is also capable of manufacturing more complicated laser optics, such as wavelength separators and thin-film polarizers, even for Mid-IR part of the spectrum, with expertise in handling different IR substrate materials, which you can read more about here.

Design variations

High reflectance example for Tm:YAG

Cost efficient solutions

Recent developments at OPTOMAN destroy the myth that IBS coatings must be expensive. R&D team of OPTOMAN delved into coating material research and developed the capability of making relatively thin coatings for the Mid-IR region thus significantly reducing the main cost driver – time. This means you don’t need to sacrifice spectral performance by choosing metal coatings or evaporation coating methods in order to remain within your target price. 

What about excimer lasers?

While the Mid-IR is crucial, excimer lasers, one of which (ArF laser) emits 193 nm deep-UV light, also play a big part in surgical applications. OPTOMAN has made the achievement of beating the market average - reaching R>98% @ 193 nm, AOI=45  and doing it repeatable. 

Many more custom variations of laser optics for surgical applications are available, even optical assemblies, such as light pipes. After all, the medical segment is our second largest market segment and in 2023 medical laser manufacturers generated 20% of OPTOMAN‘s revenue.